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QATAR

ABOUT QATAR

The State of Qatar is a sovereign and independent state in the Middle East, occupying a peninsula that juts into the Arabian Gulf. Since its complete independence from Britain in 1971, Qatar has emerged as one of the world's most important producers of oil and gas. It is an Islamic State whose laws and customs follow the Islamic tradition. Since 2013, the country has been governed by HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani. The State of Qatar is a peninsula located amid the western coast of the Arabian Gulf. The peninsular is approximately 100km across and extends 200km into the Gulf. Qatar includes several islands the largest of which are, Halul, Shraouh and Al-Asshat.. shares its southern border with Saudi Arabia and a maritime border Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Iran. Qatar occupies an area of 11,521 square kilometers.

LANGUAGE

Arabic is the official language of the country, though English is widely spoken.

TOP ATTRACTIONS OF QATAR

Souq Waqif
A traditional Arabian market, where you will find garments, jewellery, spices and handicrafts.

Desert Safaris
You can't visit Qatar without experiencing the breathtaking beauty of the desert.

The Pearl-Qatar
The finest quality shops and restaurants - all on a manmade pearl-shaped island.

Katara Cultural Village
A cultural hotspot dedicated to celebrating Qatari arts and heritage.

Museum of Islamic Art
A stunning work of architecture filled with centuries of Islamic art and surrounded by a beautiful seaside park.

CLIMATE

Qatar has a desert climate with hot summers, warm winters and scarce rainfall.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24(75) 25(77) 26.5(79.7) 35(95) 45(113) 49(120) 50(122) 51(124) 44(111) 39(102) 32(90) 27(81) 37.29(99.14)
Average low °C (°F) 13(55) 15(59) 16(61) 21(70) 25(77) 27(81) 29(84) 29(84) 26(79) 23(73) 19(66) 15(59) 21.5(70.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.7 (0.5) 17.8 (0.701) 15.2 (0.598) 7.6 (0.299) 2.5 (0.098) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 2.5 (0.098) 12.7 (0.5) 71 (2.794)

Currency
Qatari Riyal (1 Riyal = 100 Dirham's).
The Riyal is pegged to the US Dollar ($US 1 = QAR 3.65).

Official Holidays

  • Fridays and Saturdays are official days off in Qatar
  • Qatar National Day: December 18 (annually)
  • National Sport Day on Tuesday of the second week of February (annually)
  • The holy Eid Al-Fitr
  • The holy Eid Al-Adha
  • Local Time
    GMT +3 hours.

    Electric Current
    220 – 240 + 6V/50Hz. A mix of plugs: 3-pin square and 2-pin round designs.

    Topography
    The land mainly consists of a flat rocky plain, covered with a range of low limestone outcroppings in Jebel Dukhan in the west and Jebel Fuyart in the north. This plain is mostly marked by its many inland seas (Khors), bays and basins called (al-Riyadh) over the northern and middle areas that are considered to be the most fertile lands housing different natural plants.

    Population
    Qatar has a population of approximately 2.3 million.

    Capital City
    Qatar's capital city is Doha (in Arabic, ad-Dawḥa, which means 'the big tree').

    Major Cities
    Doha (capital), Al-Wakrah, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Al-Shamal, Msaieed, Ras Lafan and others.

    Religion
    Islam is the official religion of the State of Qatar, and the Islamic Law (Sharia) shall be the principal source of its legislation.

    Economy
    Since the mid-1800s, Qatar has grown from a poor British protectorate known for pearling into one of the world's most important oil and gas producing countries. While there is increasing investment in non-energy sectors, oil and gas still account for more than half of the Gross Domestic Product. Due to its substantial reserves of oil and gas, the country has one of the highest incomes per capita in the world.